RUBBER HISTORY

Natural Rubber has a very long and old history.
This material can be extracted by a tree, often simply called Rubber Tree, belonging to the family of Euphorbiaceae, with almost 20 different kinds, spread all around the American Continent.
The most important is the Hevea Brasiliensis, it’s the best among the rubber trees and lives in north Brazil, in Amazonas Region.
The tree is 20m high, the leaves can be different, elliptical or lanceolate, from 5 to 60cm long.
The native population of the Amazonas forest, the Tsachali, discovered that, superficially cutting the cortex of Havea, a white and milky liquid called caoutchouc (crying wood), came out of it.
They used this substance to waterproof everything, also the canoes, with which they ascended the river.
During next centuries, once the material was imported in Europe, researches tried to find the best way to use that prodigious material coming from trees.
They begun with the rubber bands, that were essential for the production of braces and garters, and then they arrived to the rubber soles for shoes.
Unfortunately the first attempts were disappointing.
All these products had two inconvenients: the first one was that at normal temperature they were sticky, becoming even more sticky with higher temperatures; the second one was the cold.
They became more and more rigid and fragile with lower temperatures. In 1770, the English chemist and naturalist Joseph Priestley discovered that rubber, when rubbed on a paper sheet, could cancel the pencil.
The English name of the new material “INDIA-RUBBER” (from the verb “to rub”) originates from that discovery.
In 1783 was created for the first time a cloth covered with a tiny and homogeneous rubber film, applying this material with a chemical proceeding on a cloth and awaiting for the evaporation of the solvent. Finally, in 1803 was founded in Paris the first Rubber Factory.
We have to thank a lot of famous people for the evolution of the rubber.
Beginning with Montgolfier Bros., the French chemist Macquer, that used rubber to produce pipes and Charles Goodyear, very famous in the tyres field.
Towards the half of XIX Century, Thomas Hancock discovered a very important proceeding that will have changed the history of rubber: The mastication. The mastication is the laceration of blocks of raw rubber through a machine with bit parts.
The final product obtained, results to be more simply workable than the raw rubber.
Few years later was discovered the process known as “vulcanisation”.
The vulcanisation gives the rubber a higher stability to thermal variations, thus allowing the preservation of its characteristics for a wider range of temperatures.
Thanks to the evolution that rubber has reached during all these years, our factory is now able to develop innovative applied solutions, always following the market trends, thus encouraging a strong and constant exponential growth during time. Today INGOM has a deserved market place in Italy and all around the world, with a range of customers that goes from the little artisan to the big shoes industry. INGOM, the only space between you and earth…..

 


Ingom S.p.A.
Via Fiastra, 57 59
Zona Industriale
62014 Petriolo (MC)
tel +39 0733 550 262
fax+39 0733 550 263
 

 
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